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Archaeology in Singapore Early history pre— Founding of modern Singapore — Straits Settlements — Japanese occupation — British Military Administration — Post-war Singapore — Self-governance of Singapore — Merger with Malaysia — Republic of Singapore — present.
Outline Index Bibliography. Articles related to Singapore. Geographic locale. Countries and dependencies of Asia. Dependencies and special administrative regions. Christmas Island Cocos Keeling Islands. Hong Kong Macau. Book World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside Asia portal. Countries and other territories in Southeast Asia. Countries of the Malay Archipelago.
Kamal Haasan was introduced as child actor in Tamil language movie Kalathur KannammaHaasan's performance earned him the President's Gold Medal at the age of 6. Realistic Parallel Cinema continued throughout the s,  practised in many Indian film cultures. The FFC's art film orientation came under criticism during a Committee on Public Undertakings investigation inwhich accused the body of not doing enough to encourage commercial cinema. By the early s, Hindi cinema was experiencing thematic stagnation,  dominated by musical romance films.
By the mids, crime-action films like Zanjeer and Sholay solidified Bachchan's position as a lead actor. Danny Boyle described it as "absolutely key to Indian cinema". In the late s, Hindi cinema experienced another period of stagnation, with a decline in box office turnout, due to increasing violence, decline in musical melodic quality, and rise in video piracy, leading to middle-class family audiences abandoning theatres. The turning point came with Yash Chopra 's musical romance Chandnistarring Zoo Dub - Freddie James - Come Into The Jungle. It was instrumental in ending the era of violent action films in Indian Cinema and rejuvenating the romantic musical genre.
Cult classic Bandit QueenShekhar Kapur received international recognition and controversy. In the late s, Parallel Cinema began a resurgence in Hindi cinema, largely due to the critical and commercial success of crime films such as Satya and Vaastav These films launched a genre known as Mumbai noir urban films reflecting social problems there. The three Khans have had successful careers Jag Längtar Bara Efter Att Få Komma Hem - Siv Pettersson - Jag Längtar Bara Efter Att Få Komma Hem the late s,  and have dominated the Indian box office since the s.
Kareena Kapoor and Bipasha Basu are among the few working actresses from the s who successfully completed 15 years in the industry. Kannada film SamskaraPattabhirama Reddypioneered the parallel cinema movement in south Indian cinema.
Malayalam cinema experienced its own Golden Age in the s and early s. Acclaimed Malayalam filmmakers industry, included Adoor GopalakrishnanG. AravindanT. Chandran and Shaji N. Telugu cinema has a history of producing internationally noted fantasy and mythological films such as the film Savitri having received an honorary diploma at the 2nd Venice International Film Festival as well as works such as NartanasalaMayabazarand the Baahubali series having won the American Saturn Award for Best International Film.
Tamil language films appeared at multiple film festivals. Salim-Javed were highly influential in South Indian cinema.
In addition to writing two Kannada filmsmany of their Bollywood films had remakes produced in other regions, including Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam cinema. Sridevi was widely considered as the first female superstar of Bollywood cinema due to her World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside appeal and a rare actor who had an equally successful career in the major Indian film industries: HindiTelugu and Tamil.
She's also the only movie star in history of Bollywood to star in the top 10 highest grossers of the year throughout her active World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside Moti Gokulsing and Wimal Dissanayake identify six major influences that have shaped Indian popular cinema: . In the early 20th century, Urdu was the lingua franca of popular performances across northern India, established in performance art traditions such as nautch dancing, Urdu poetry World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside Parsi theatre.
Urdu and related Hindi dialects were the most widely understood across northern India, thus Hindi-Urdu became the standardised language of early Indian talkies. One Thousand and One Nights Arabian Nights had a strong influence on Parsi theatre, which adapted " Persianate adventure-romances" into films, and on early Bombay cinema where " Arabian Nights cinema" became a popular genre.
Like mainstream Indian popular cinema, Indian Parallel Cinema was influenced by a combination of Indian theatre and Indian literature such as Bengali literature and Urdu poetrybut differs when it comes to foreign influences, where it is influenced more by European cinema particularly Italian neorealism and French poetic realism than by Hollywood.
During colonial rule Indians bought film equipment from Europe. Madan and Abdulally Esoofally traded in global cinema. Mainstream Indian movie stars gained international fame across Asia    and Eastern Europe. Indian films frequently appeared in international fora and film festivals. Many Asian and South Asian countries increasingly found Indian cinema as more suited to their sensibilities than Western cinema. Indian cinema more recently began influencing Western musical films, and played a particularly instrumental role in the revival of the genre in the Western world.
Baz Luhrmann stated that his successful musical film Moulin Rouge! Indian cinema has been recognised repeatedly at the Academy Awards. Indian films Mother IndiaSalaam Bombay!
For example, one film can portray actioncomedydramaromance and melodrama. These films tend to be musicals, with songs filmed in picturesque locations. Plots for such movies may seem illogical and improbable to unfamiliar viewers. The genre is named after masalaa mixture of spices in Indian cuisine. Parallel Cinema, is also World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside as Art Cinema or the Indian New Wave, is known for its realism and naturalism, addressing the sociopolitical climate.
This movement is distinct from mainstream Bollywood cinema and began around the same time as the French and Japanese New Waves. The movement began in Bengal led by Ray, Sen and Ghatak and then gained prominence in the regions.
The movement was launched by Roy's Do Bigha Zaminwhich was both a commercial and critical success, winning the International Prize at the Cannes Film Festival. Its three films Variación II - Strauss*, Karajan*, Orquesta Filarmónica de Berlín* - Don Quijote / Muerte Y Transfig major prizes at the CannesBerlin and Venice Film Festivalsand are frequently listed among the greatest films of all time.
Some Indian films are known as "multilinguals", filmed in similar but non-identical versions in different languages. This was done in the s. According to Rajadhyaksha and Willemen in the Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinemain its most precise form, a multilingual is. Rajadhyaksha and Willemen note that in seeking to construct their Encyclopediathey often found it "extremely difficult to distinguish multilinguals in this original sense from dubbed versions, remakes, reissues or, in some cases, the same film listed with different titles, presented as separate versions in different languages The demands of a multicultural, increasingly globalised Indian audience led to a mixing of local and international musical traditions.
Balasubrahmanyam and K. Yesudas drew crowds to film music stage shows. In filmmaking, a World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside is any place where acting and dialogue are recorded. Sites where filming without dialogue takes place is termed a second unit photography site.
Filmmakers often choose to shoot on location because they believe that greater realism can be achieved in a "real" place. Location shooting is often motivated by budget considerations. The most popular locations are the main cities for each regional industry. More than production organisations operate in the Indian film industry, but few are successful. AVM Productions is the oldest surviving studio in India.
The Assamese language film industry traces its origin to the works of World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside visionary Rupkonwar Jyotiprasad Agarwalawho was a distinguished poet, playwright, composer and freedom fighter.
He was instrumental in the production of the first Assamese film Joymati  inunder the banner of Critrakala Movietone. Due to the lack of trained technicians, Jyotiprasad, while making his maiden film, had to shoulder the added responsibilities as the screenwriter, producer, director, choreographer, editor, set and costume designer, lyricist and music director. The film, completed with a budget of 60, rupees, was released on 10 March The picture failed miserably. Like many early films, the negatives and prints of Joymati are missing.
Some effort has been made privately by Altaf Mazid to restore and subtitle what is left of the prints. Despite the significant financial loss from Joymatia second picture, Indramalatiwas released in The 21st John Dees Lament - Various - Progfest 95 Day One (VHS) has produced Bollywood-style Assamese movies.
Rituparno Ghosh  Bengal has produced science fiction and issue films. Bengali cinema dates to the s, when the first " bioscopes " were shown in theatres in Calcutta. Madan Theatres production of Jamai Shashthi was the first Bengali talkie. Inthe name "Tollywood" was coined for the Bengali film industry because Tollygunge rhymes with "Hollywood" and because it was then the centre of the Indian film industry. Bengali stalwarts such as Ray, Mrinal SenGhatak and others earned international acclaim.
Bhojpuri language films predominantly cater to residents of western Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh and also have a large audience in Delhi and Mumbai Union Square - Tom Waits - MP3 Collection CD1 to migration of Bhojpuri speakers to these cities.
Films such as Bidesiya Foreigner, S. Tripathi and Ganga Ganges,Kumar were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not common in the s and s.
Both did much better business in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits, and both earned more than ten times their production costs. Chakma cinema is a small industry in the country of Bangladesh and in India state of Tripura and Mizoram. That film and Ghar DwarNiranjan Tiwari bombed. No Chhollywood movie was produced for nearly 30 years thereafter. Before the arrival of talkiesseveral silent films were closely related to Gujarati culture. Many film directors, producers and actors associated with silent films were Gujarati and Parsi.
Twenty leading film company and studios were owned by Gujaratis between and They were mostly located in Mumbai. At least forty-four major Gujarati directors worked during this period. Gujarati cinema dates to 9 Aprilwhen the first Gujarati film, Narsinh Mehtawas released. More than one thousand films were released. Gujarati cinema ranges from mythology to history and from social to political. Gujarati films originally targeted a rural audience, but after its revival catered to an urban audience.
The Hindi language film industry of Bombay—also known as  Bollywood—is the largest and most powerful branch. Many actors signed contracts for simultaneous work in 3—4 films. In Hindi cinema audiences participate by clapping, singing and reciting familiar dialogue. The Kannada film industry, also referred to as Sandalwoodis based in Bangalore and caters mostly to Karnataka.
Gubbi Veeranna — was an Indian theatre director and artist and an awardee of the Padma Shri award conferred by the President of India. He was one of the pioneers and most prolific contributors to Kannada theatre. Kannada actor Rajkumar began working with Veeranna and later became an important actor. Veeranna founded Karnataka Gubbi Productions. He produced SadarameRaja Chandrasekarin which he acted in the lead role.
He then produced Subhadra and Jeevana Nataka He took the lead role in Hemareddy Mallamma Veeranna was the lead, accompanied by his wife, Jayamma. Veeranna produced Bedara KannappaH. Simha which received the first Certificate of Merit. Nagendra Rao. Kannada Directors include H.
Simha, R. Nagendra RaoB. PanthuluM. SathyuPuttanna KanagalG. IyerKarnad, T. Nagabharana SiddalingaiahMove With The Groove - Fats Domino - This Is Gold. KaranthA K Pattabhi, T. Singh Thakur, Y. SwamyM. VittalSundar Rao Nadkarni Μη Με Φοβάσαι (Βραδιά Μπαλέτου) - Άλκης Αλκαίος - Οι Τροβαδούροι Της Καρδιάς Μου, P.
Moorthy, S. Other noted film personalities in Kannada are, Bhargava, G. JayagopalM. Ranga Rao and Yogaraj Bhat. Kannada cinema contributed to Indian parallel cinema. Polytechnic is believed to be the first government institute in India to start technical film courses. Konkani language films are mainly produced in Goa.
It is one of India's smallest film regions, producing four films in An immense body of Konkani literature and art is a resource for filmmakers. The Malayalam film World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World OutsideIndia's fourth largest, is based in Trivandrum. Filmmakers include Gopalakrishnan, Karun, Aravindan, K. The first full-length Malayalam feature was VigathakumaranJ.
Daniel is considered the father of the Malayalam film industry. BalanS. Nottani was the first Malayalam " talkie ". Malayalam films were mainly produced by Tamil producers untilwhen the first major film studio, Udaya Studioopened in Kerala.
Scripted by the well-known Malayalam novelist, Uroob P. Bhaskaran and Ramu Kariat is often considered the first authentic Malayali film. The first neorealistic film Newspaper Boy P.
Unnikrishnan  of India were made in Malayalam. Notable filmmakers such as I. SasiBharathanPadmarajanK. GeorgeSathyan AnthikadPriyadarshanA. LohithadasSiddique-LalT. Rajeev Kumar and Sreenivasan. Meitei cinema is a small industry in the state of Manipur. This region's debut was a full-length black and white film Matamgee Manipur Meitei cinema started in the s.
Langlen Thadoi was Meitei cinema's first full-length colour film. Meitei cinema gained momentum following World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside ban on the screening of Hindi films in entertainment houses in Manipur.
Screening of Hindi movies came to a halt despite reiterated appeals made by successive Chief Ministers. The first full-length Meitei movie was made infollowed by a boom in A nationwide World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside telecast of Imagi Ningthem expanded the audience.
Maipak, Son of Manipur was the first Meitei documentary film. Marathi films are produced in the Marathi language in Maharashtra. It is one of the oldest efforts in Indian cinema.
Shwaas and Harishchandrachi Factorybecame India's official Oscar entries. Today the industry is based in Mumbai, but it began in Kolhapur and then Pune. Marathi films feature the work of actors including Durga KhoteV. Nagpuri films produced in the Nagpuri language in Jharkhand. Gorkha cinema consists of Nepali language films produced by Nepali -speaking Indians. The Odia language film industry operates in Bhubaneswar and Cuttack.
Baby Noor Jehan was introduced as an actress and singer in this film. Sheela was made in Calcutta and released in Lahore; it was a hit across the province. Its success led many more producers to make Punjabi films. As ofPunjabi cinema had produced between and 1, movies. The average number of releases per year in the s was nine; in the s, eight; and in the s, six. Within a few years, worldbeat became a thriving subgenre of popular music that influenced many more mainstream musicians for example Kirsty MacColl on her… read more.
In popular music, World Outside (245 Internet Beat Mix) - Robotronic Squad - World Outside refers to any style of music which fuses folk music, often from non-traditional sources essentially, outside the Appalachian folk and Celtic traditions with Western rock or other pop influences. Worldbeat is usually said to have begun in the mids when artist… read more. Worldbeat is usually said to have begun in the mids when artists like David Byrne, Peter Gabriel, and Paul Simon began incorporating in… read more.
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